psalms 20 commentary

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1870. "A Psalm of David" may mean merely, "A Psalm about David," and not necessarily a Psalm written by David. They who trusted in horses and in chariots would be overcome; they who trusted in God alone would triumph. It was not in their own strength, nor was it to promote the purposes of conquest and the ends of ambition; it was that God might be honored, and it was with confidence of success derived from his anticipated aid. (Psalms 20:7). The meaning is, We will not forget that our reliance is not on armies, but on God, the living God. Psalm 20:5 New International Version (NIV) 5 May we shout for joy over your victory and lift up our banners in the name of our God. "In the day of trouble" ( Psalms 20:1 ). They pray that the Lord would defend the king in the day of trouble; that the name of the God of Jacob would defend him; that he would send him help from the sanctuary, and strengthen him out of Zion; that he would remember his offerings and accept his burnt sacrifice; that he would grant him according to his own heart, and fulfill all his counsel. The blessing of God upon the king or ruler is automatically a blessing upon all of his subjects; and the people vocalizing this petition here acknowledge this principle. In the beginning Psalm 20:1-4 there is an earnest “desire” that God would hear the suppliant in the day of trouble; in the close there is an earnest “prayer” to him from all … As noted above, this reference to Israel's not having chariots and horses is applicable only to the times prior to Solomon who vastly multiplied such instruments of ancient warfare. Alas, it is the destiny of every child of God to confront the day of trouble. All other rights reserved. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? 1-4. A king going forth to war implores the protection of a greater king than himself - the King of all nations; and who, therefore, had the disposal of the whole result of the conflict in which he was about to engage. With the saving strength - That is, he will interpose with that saving strength. 1983-1999. It expresses his confident assurance of success from the interest which the people had expressed in the enterprise, as referred to in the previous verses, and from the earnestness of their prayers in his behalf and in behalf of the enterprise. The use of the word in this place proves that such offerings had been made to God by him who was about to go forth to the war; and the prayer of the people here is that God would remember all those offerings; that is, that he would grant the blessing which he who had offered them had sought to obtain. In all ages, the smaller units of an army have always cherished their own individual banners, tokens, or emblems; and this reference is to the fact that the children of Israel here promised to acknowledge their allegiance to God in the various standards that would be elevated by the various tribes. Some trust in chariots - This (see the introduction to the psalm) seems to be a “general chorus” of the king and the people, expressing the fullest confidence in God, and showing the true ground of their reliance. "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". While Even the greatest of men must be much in prayer. Cheyne attempted to date this Psalm in the times of Simon Maccabaeus. Then they see their enemies fallen and subdued, while their armies stand upright and firm, Psalm 20:8. Some trust in chariots — This again was spoken by the people.The word trust is not in the Hebrew, which is more literally translated, These in their chariots, and those on their horses, but we will remember, make mention of, or, celebrate, the name of the Lord our God; that is, we will remember, or make mention of it, so as to boast of or trust in it. We will set up our banners - We will erect our standards; or, as we should say, we will unfurl our flag. [3] However, the use of the word "king" refutes such a supposition, because Simon Maccabaeus was never, in any sense, a king. "Some trust in chariots, etc." In all ages, it has been God who rules among the kingdoms of men and exalts over them whosoever is pleasing to Him (Daniel 4:25). Go to, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, "Help from the sanctuary ... out of Zion", "Remember all thy offerings ... accept thy burnt-sacrifice", "They are bowed down and fallen ... we are ... upright", "Save, Jehovah: Let the King answer us when we call. Again, all the people take up the vocal declamation of this psalm in the last three verses. "Some trust in chariots, and some in horses; But we will make mention of Jehovah our God. "This means, `Make all thy plans to prosper.'"[9]. May he give you the desire of your heart and make all your plans succeed. The Lord hear thee in the day of trouble - According to the view expressed in the introduction to the psalm, this is the language of the people praying for their king, or expressing the hope that he would be delivered from trouble, and would be successful in what he had undertaken, in the prosecution of a war apparently of defense. This psalm purports to be “A Psalm of David,” nor is there any reason to doubt that he wrote it. A Psalm of David. With the possible exception of Absalom's rebellion, this was perhaps the most terrible trouble David ever faced. Psalms 20 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, filling six volumes, provides an exhaustive look at every verse in the Bible. Commentary for Psalms 20 This psalm is a prayer for the kings of Israel, but with relation to Christ. In this view, the use of the second person in Psalms 20:1-5 is not unnatural. Never should we look for success unless our undertaking has been preceded by prayer; and when our best preparations have been made, our hope of success is not primarily and mainly in them, but only in God. Bibliography InformationBarnes, Albert. The first person plural pronoun in Psalms 20:5 shows that it is the voice of the people who are vocalizing this petition in the sanctuary itself upon behalf of their king. The prayer here is, that God would accept those offerings, and hear those supplications, and would now send the desired help from the sanctuary where he resided; that is, that he would grant his protection and aid. In Psalm 20:3the answer is expected out of Zion, in the present instance it is looked for from God's holy heavens; for the God who sits enthroned in Zion is enthroned for ever in the heavens. The occasion that prompted the writing of this psalm is supposed to have been that of David's start of a war against Syria, at some considerable time after the return of the ark of the covenant to Jerusalem by King David. The word occurs often in the Scriptures, and is sometimes rendered offering, and sometimes oblation. The prophecy was true, all right, and victory did come; but the people did not neglect to continue their crying out to God in supplication and prayers. This is put in strong contrast with others, who relied, some on their chariots, and some on their horses, while “they” relied alone on God. III. - Even the greatest of men may be much in trouble. Selah. “They “are” brought down.” He sees them in anticipation prostrate and subdued; he goes forth to war with the certainty on his mind that this would occur. The desire for success should be accompanied with earnest prayer and supplication on our part; and when our friends express the desire that we may be successful, there should have been on our part such acts of devotion - such manifest reliance on God - such religious trust - that they can simply pray for our success to be in accordance with our own prayer. They are brought down and fallen - That is, those who trust in chariots and horses. It conveys also the notion of reducing to ashes; perhaps from the fact that the victim which had been fattened for sacrifice was reduced to ashes; or, as Gesenius supposes (Lexicon, see דשׁן deshen ), because “ashes were used by the ancients for fattening, that is, manuring the soil.” The prayer here seems to be that God would “pronounce the burnt-offering fat;” that is, that he would regard it favorably, or would accept it. The word rendered “brought down” - כרע kâra‛ - means “to bend,” “to bow” (as the knees); and then it refers to one who bows down before an enemy, that is, one who is subdued, Isaiah 10:4; Isaiah 65:12; Psalm 72:9; Psalm 78:31. Upon the axle stood a light frame, open behind, and floored for the warrior and his charioteer, who both stood within. As such he is invoked here; and the prayer is, that the Great Protector of the Hebrew people would now defend the king in the dangers which beset him, and in the enterprise which he had undertaken. 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