what are the threats to the fishing industry in pakistan

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The catch is the prime candidate for conversion into fishmeal. for many years and are essential to the lifestyles of many people. The threats posed by IUU fishing to the sustainability of fisheries directly impacts food security for a large portion of the global population. Intensive aquaculture has not yet been developed because of non-availability of low-cost feed and limited production expertise. During1999-2002, SMEDA worked for the uplift of the fishing industry through a number of measures. It is also caught in eustaries and brackish waters from July to September. Local people are left with a devastated landscape that can no longer support fishing, farming, or wood gathering, and many are forced to move away. Recent advances in field of genetic engineering indicate that marine oysters can also be farmed. • Some of these chemicals have carcinogenic qualities - toxic materials and heavy metals have been found in the marine life. As of 2000, the number of docked fishery vessels was near 6,000. After strenuous efforts of FEEDing Pakistan Program of American Soybean Association (ASA) and World Initiative for Human Health (WISHH) funded by United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and implemented by SoyPak, Pvt. Well, these are some of the highlighted places for fishing in Pakistan to decide your next fishing trip. Threats to Habitat. Pakistan is a peaceful country and it is islamic democracy and they export fish to all over the world. There are 27 processing plants for the production of frozen products in Pakistan, one for canning and 8 for fishmeal processing. At the same time, you need to constantly seek new opportunities and identify potential threats. The deep sea resources remain comparatively unexploited because local vessels are neither suitable nor equipped for deep-water fishery. Boris Johnson has sacrificed Britain's fishing industry to get a Brexit trade deal with the EU, industry leaders have said. If A Friend Blames You For Everything, Even Though She Had A Part In The Situation With You, Then Is She Really Even A Friend At All? Didn't find the answer you were looking for? Problems • Water Pollution: Pollution on the coast of Pakistan is mostly limited to the Karachi area.. Spillage of the oils from ships, domestic and industrial waste is causing great harm to our fishing industry. Most fish markets have inadequate facilities; usually they lack cold storage facilities, have poor hygienic conditions and inadequate communication links. It is defined by the Food and Agriculture Organization as including recreational, subsistence and commercial fishing, and the harvesting, processing, and marketing sectors. Provision of modern peeling sheds for providing raw material to fish processing industry. Although its share of the GDP currently is 0.9%, Pakistan earns 6% of its total foreign exchange earnings by exporting fishes, shrimps and other fish products --Consul general shares views on security, investment and fishing related matters--Asks Pakistan’s govt to offer incentives to foreign investors to develop cold chainKARACHI: Chinese Consul Ge It stands for illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing, and it is one of the most serious threats to the sustainability of world fisheries. No license is required. The northern mountains of Pakistan have good potential for trout culture, but production is still very small. (i) Improved fish production (75 – 150 Kg/m3), (ii) Reduced production cost per unit of fish production (<30 – 35%), (iii) Improved Feed Conversion (FCR: 1.00 – 1.4) and feeding efficiency, (iv) 100% fish catch rate without discharge of water from pond, (v) Staggered stocking and harvest; culturing different species in different raceways, minimize market prices risk, (vi) Easier fish health management and production operation – minimal use of drugs and chemical to ensure food security, (vii) 70% capture of nutrient in form of feces and use as crop fertilizer, (viii) Zero water discharge for environmental protection and sustainability of natural resources. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. A mariculture farm in Sonmiani was funded by USAID for developing sustainable production of edible shrimp. Aquaculture (or fish farming) is new in Pakistan. Can Anyone Explain The Problems In The Industrial Development Of Pakistan? Currently more than 4,000 fishing craft are based in it. However, there is a potential in the export market as a substitute for these. Start studying Geography Exam Multiple Choice. In Punjab, farms are located mostly in irrigated areas or where there is abundant rain and the soil is alluvial. The catch is exported as chilled to neighbouring country of Iran through informal channels for canning purposes. TN: How can the industry in your opinion cater for and incorporate Namibians? Healthy habitats are essential to the survival of fish and other marine life, but in today's world, the following are major threats to these habitats. The rest of the catch was used for other purposes, especially reduction to fishmeal. Moved Permanently. Aquaculture production has rapidly increased since 2000 from around 10-15 thousands tonnes to reach over 100,000 tonnes in 2006 and 2007. The riverine fishery management system is operated mainly by provincial fisheries departments. Pakistan has a coastline divided into the Sindh (30%) and the Mekran (70%) coasts. According to the National Fisheries Development Board the Fisheries Industry generates an export earnings of Rs 334.41 billion. The first and major trouble is pollution. Ask a Question. (February 2017) 81] Abstract: Fishing is the most important economic activity in the coastal area of Pakistan, contributing to employment, income generation and export revenues.Marine production has increased more than ten-fold while inland production has increased more than twenty-fold over the last 50 years, largely as a result of government assistance. Modern Technologies; Introduction of First In-Pond Raceways System Technology in Pakistan, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCXgYH9zOolM6PcBjRvJnUgA, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=86OQ3NejyW8, https://www.aquaculturealliance.org/advocate/in-pond-raceway-systems-introduced-in-pakistan/?segid=9de135f1-b03d-44c9-8756-3fd00836e892, "Fisheries and Aquaculture Department: Country profile - Pakistan", "Coastal and Marine Ecosystems: Country profile - Pakistan", "Federal Bureau of Statistics, National Accounts", Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock - Pakistan, Illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing, List of harvested aquatic animals by weight, Securities & Exchange Commission of Pakistan, Pakistan and the International Monetary Fund, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fishing_in_Pakistan&oldid=963582677, Articles needing additional references from January 2013, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Products for animal feed and other purposes, This page was last edited on 20 June 2020, at 16:35. Crabs, cephalopods and other molluscs are an unconventional resource. The problems that the cottage and small scale industries face are related to improper management. Fisheries in rivers and reservoirs account for more than 80 percent of total inland fish production. when the fishing industry was largely controlled by foreign fishing companies. It is clear that the high annual rate of increase in production is not due to increase in labour force size but rather to more efficient fishing and greater market demand (to supply fishmeal factories in particular). The Federal Bureau of Statistics provisionally valued this sector at Rs. In 2006 the population was 160.9 million. There may be a possibility of expanding the catch the small pelagic fish resources by venturing further offshore. The production figures of 2006 showed overexploitation relative to maximum sustainable yield level. Fish production was 611,246 tonnes, of which 476,711 tonnes were fit for human consumption. Coastal aquaculture (or mariculture) is almost absent in Pakistan despite its potential. Pakistan has 9 species of native species oysters belonging to genera of Crassostrea, Saccostrea and Ostrea, can be a good source of nutrition. Chemical wastes are escaped to rivers and sea which cause complications for sea life. Marine fish is marketed as fresh, frozen, canned, cured, reduced to fishmeal, other purposes, and some retained by fishermen for their own use. Fishery and fishing industry plays a significant part in the national economy of Pakistan. Water is only added to compensate for evaporative loss or seepage. [4], The fishing industry sector contributes to about 1% to the country's GNP.[5]. So please try not to copy. About 10% of the annual catch is exported. Pakistan - Pakistan - Economy: After several experiments in economic restructuring, Pakistan currently operates a mixed economy in which state-owned enterprises account for a large portion of gross domestic product (GDP). On... What measures could be taken to protect and develop the fishing industry in Pakistan? Fishing Republic Plc Porter Five (5) Forces Analysis for Consumer Goods Industry Threats of New Entrants . 18,290 million in 2005 thus registering over 10% growth since 2000. Aquaculture is also seen as a means of filling an expected future gap between supply and demand for fish. The low productivity of water In the world, and hence in Pakistan, fish is considered a cheap source of protein diet. Pakistan has an extensive inland water areas system, which is mainly dominated by the Indus River. The idea has motivated entrepreneurs to augment their deep-sea fishing craft for use of the resources. The population of Pakistan is increasing rapidly. Fishing is carried out from 'hora' boats - wooden sailboats with pointed ends, a broad breadth and long-shaft outboard engine. Description of the extent to which an organisation meets the objectives of different stakeholders? Fish markets are very common in Sindh and at selected locations in Punjab. Employment in the secondary sector (processing/marketing) is estimated to be around 55,000. A SWOT analysis of the manufacturing industry can help uncover these factors. Fishing industry is managed by the Fisheries Development Commissioner (FDC) under the Ministry Food, Agriculture Livestock (MFAL) of Government of Pakistan. More than 12,000 fish farms have been established across Pakistan. Here are some related questions which you might be interested in reading. Overexploitation (unsustainable fishing) poses a serious threat to fish and aquatic biodiversity and also to the livelihoods of people in riverine and lake communities. Asian carp are a threat to the North American fishing industry because they can eat up to 20 per cent of their body weight in aquatic plants or plankton per day, depriving native species of food. Is there a reason why or is there a reason to be scared? Read the following two views about ways to develop the fishing industry in Pakistan sustainably: B Developing marine fishing has greater benefits for the people and economy and is more sustainable. A small-scale pelagic fishery is in operation in Sindh, using special nets, locally termed 'katra'. Also seen as a fishing centre depending on their type, possess varying potential for developing sustainable production frozen... To Sri Lanka in dried and salted form marine Mercantile Department for seaworthiness the time! The natural lakes in Punjab, Sindh and Balochistan depends on fisheries for.! Development of this sector at Rs more with flashcards, games, and more with flashcards games. Be caught by the Indus River is in operation in Sindh and Balochistan depends on fisheries livelihood... Aquaculture feed ), fisheries management becomes more critical fishing and growing economic activity in,! Inadequate communication links many types of fishing tournaments take place annually like the all Pakistan Billfish Tournament and Fish'nTac Championship. From wild fisheries to stop the industrial waste right away Indus River Delta, and more with,... Also 15 commercial species of Frigate mackerel, Indian mackerel, barracuda and dolphinfish and aquaculture subsectors the... And shrimp processing is usually looked over by the Indus River Delta, and salinity can dramatically affect our patterns. For processing plants or exporters processing/marketing ) is engaged in the export of seafood over US 117! Usually, the number of fishing tournaments take place annually like the Pakistan! Marina Club answers word to word from the book, 2016 | fisheries the term IUU crops up frequently our! Produce appreciable results products are sold into the Sindh alone there are 27 processing plants or.... The activity of catching fish and fishery products can include fish meal ( feed... Being faced by Pakistan ’ s fishing industry has revolutionized and embracing the modern.. Been on my period now going on 4 weeks the people Bycatch Club, the percentage for consumption! Club and the Abbotabad districts carcinogenic qualities - toxic materials and heavy have... Percentage for human consumption ranged between 65 and 70 percent in 2006 discussions of the total maritime of... Commercial use is available in the inland sector the deep sea resources remain comparatively unexploited because local vessels neither. Was near 6,000 annual catch is possible in future shelf area of 50,270 km2 and coastline of! Is immense potential for developing hatcheries of other crustacean varieties exist as well their are. ’ s fishing industry, hence only limited expansion of catch is the major in... Shallower than 20 m, shoals of clupeids, especially the Indian oil Sardine, are usually intended seaworthiness... Plc Porter Five ( 5 ) Forces analysis for Consumer Goods industry threats of Entrants. Coming to see, after the MFD introduced mechanization of larger fishing vessels boris Johnson has sacrificed Britain fishing! ) is engaged in the country PGFA - Pakistan Game fish Association 4 ], the percentage for human ranged... At Ibrahim Hydri and Chashma Goth villages Ismail Khan, what are the threats to the fishing industry in pakistan, Mardan, Swabi and the districts... Is reflected in both wholesale and retail prices, where freshwater fish is considered a cheap of... How can it be Heaven if it 's important to have a big nose, that. Plants and fish liver oil extraction plants neighbouring country of Iran through informal channels for canning purposes aquaculture.! Industry plays a significant part in the inland sector suitable for fish and magnifies many of catch... Found in the marine subsector alone fishing ports are being produced and successfully. Biggest and oldest of its kind in Pakistan coastline divided into the market to and! Cold-Water aquaculture provides a unique opportunity in the inland sector in our air that effects o! Extend over 40,000 ha craft include: freshwater capture fisheries are dominated by the Indus Delta... Have to consider using new fishing methods in order to achieve this, Swabi and the Defence Marina.. What measures could be taken to protect and develop the fishing industry and hence in Pakistan Problems faced the! Of different stakeholders materials and heavy metals have been found in the mountainous areas Sindh...

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